What happened on the 96th day of the war in Ukraine

BRUSSELS – The European Union agreed on Monday to ban most Russian oil, the most severe export sanctions imposed on Russia for its invasion of Ukraine, and the biggest sacrifice ever imposed on Russia. Europe, itself.

The agreement is the latest and longest sign of more than three months of war, and in response to Russia’s growing anger and atrocities, European leaders are ready to act. in actions which they considered most serious when the invasion began. They cut Russian banks from global financial services, dried Russian assets and sent high -powered weapons to Ukraine.

After weeks of intense fighting, EU leaders in Brussels have imposed an embargo on Russian oil supplied by tankers, the primary source, and vowed to reduce imports in the country. pipeline, according to a contract document published by The New York Times. The agreement was published a late night tweet by Charles Michel, president of the Council of Europe, although many details remain to be hashed.

The approval came as the Kremlin’s offensive in the eastern Ukrainian city of Sievierodonetsk came to an end. The Russian forces continued their strategy of attacking towns and cities, including civilian settlements, reducing them to desolate lands rather than trying to seize power.

aie …Finbarr O’Reilly for the New York Times

At the same time, the Ukrainian army launched an offensive to retake the southern city of Kherson. A parking lot in the Russian -occupied city of Melitopol showed strong opposition from residents.

President Vladimir V. Putin’s munitions are funded by Russia’s sale of crude oil and refined oil and natural gas, which account for the majority of the country’s revenue. largely collected by state -owned energy companies. With the war raising prices, European countries alone are paying $ 23 billion a month for Russian oil.

According to Russian commentators, which offers comparable prices in world markets, it will continue to gain some customers for its oil, but sales are likely to fall sharply. and revenues when the embargo is enforced.

Europe relies heavily on Russian fuels – 27 percent of the world’s crude oil is imported from Russia – and while the EU is looking for more, it says officials will have a high cost of money to them. Other resources are considered to be more expensive, if they can be arranged; Lack of gas and oil is a real possibility.

The controversy over an oil embargo also highlighted the weakness of the European bloc, as Sweden and Finland’s requests to join NATO highlighted breaches in that alliance. The diplomats expressed confidence that various differences could be resolved, but gave reminders that the unity of the United States and its current allies in the fight against Russia was not guaranteed.

Hungary’s powerful leader, Viktor Orban, whose country relies more heavily than Western Europe on Russian energy, has signed an agreement on an oil embargo, which he called an “atomic bomb.” to the Hungarian economy.

The controversy shows how the EU’s approach to demanding unity among the 27 member states for major decisions could be weak – even if Mr. Orban, whose relationship with Mr. Putin, to repeat the actions to separate Russia.

aie …Johanna Geron/Reuters

The borderless movement supported by European leaders was designed to win the support of Mr. Orban. The ban on the supply of Russian oil on ships would cut off two -thirds of imports from the EU, although there would be no effect on Hungary, a landlocked country. Arriving at the EU summit on Monday, Mr. Orban for the pipeline’s release, “It’s a good way.”

Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Germany, which also have Russian oil in the pipeline, are supposed to keep the milk to themselves from that source; Hungary is not expected to offer such assurances.

In NATO, working together on the agreement, Turkey has blocked the consent of Finland and Sweden, who have been deeply troubled by Russia’s war in Ukraine to abandon their long -standing allegiance. Western diplomats point to Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has argued a NATO ally such as Mr. Orban to the European Union, to wring concessions from partners but in the end.

On the battlefields of the eastern Donbas, where Russia intended to seize other countries, the most intense attack on the destroyed cities, Sievierodonetsk and Lysychansk, was among the remaining heavy bags of Ukrainian power. After weeks of firing, Russian troops fought their way to the “north -east and south -east” of Sievierodonetsk, the Ukrainian defense service said in a statement, including addition that Russia flew more weapons from Russia to the Donbas.

The fighting between the Donbas has reached “high levels,” said Col. Oleksandr Motuzyanyk, spokesman for the defense ministry. He added, “Russian attackers have fired the entire front line, trying to smash our deep defense positions with gunfire.”

Amid reports of Russian war crimes against civilians, Ukraine’s deputy prime minister, Iryna Vereshchuk, issued a call to citizens of the Russian -occupied country to flee as soon as possible. however to them in Ukrainian -controlled areas, as many as millions received. It’s hard and scary, he admits, but “the last thing is a question of your safety and that of your children.”

aie …Finbarr O’Reilly for the New York Times

A French journalist was killed on Monday near Lysychansk when a gun exploded near a moving delivery truck, according to Ukrainian and French officials, and his producer, the news agency BFM TV. The historian, Frédéric Leclerc-Imhoff, suffered a fatal neck wound, said Serhiy Haidai, the Ukrainian governor of Luhansk, who said the gun had been fired by Russian troops.

About seven journalists were killed while covering the conflict, according to Reporters Without Borders.

The heavy brutality of the Russian army and the brutality of its operations have resulted in colonial victories in the East, but it has suffered heavy losses, and Western analysts say it has failed. it has available resources.

“Russia is likely to have suffered serious losses between its midfielders and junior officers,” the British defense ministry said on Monday. modernization of knowledge it has spread widely. The troops joined by the Russians were “from the survivors of many or small areas.”

The worst thing for Moscow was that the British reported “numerous credible evidence of internal rebellion among Russian forces.”

Eager to deploy Russian forces weaker than them, Ukraine over the weekend set up a counteroffensive more than 300 miles from Sievierodonetsk, hoping to retake Kherson, where port on the lower Dnipro River in south-central Ukraine. It was the first major city to fall to the Russians, less than a week after the invasion.

aie …Hui Hui

“The Ukrainian counterattack is not expected to return to the mainland any time soon,” the Institute for the Study of War in Washington said in a report released Sunday, but it will conclude Russian operations in the south, “and could force Russia. to deploy reinforcements in the Kherson region, which is largely occupied by substandard regions.

In Melitopol, a Kremlin -appointed local official said a car bomb had injured two aid workers and called it “a terrorist attack intended to end the city’s peaceful life.” The people protested in Melitopol, where Russian troops had stolen and replaced them with officials.

Ivan Fyodorov, the prime minister of Melitopol – who was stolen by Russian troops and then taken to Ukraine in exchange – said he did not know responsibility for the shooting, but predicted “the world will heat up” in Melitopol until the Russians leave. the city.

The Russian forces held most of the areas they had conquered in the south at the beginning of the war. But one soldier was detained for weeks inside a steel mill in the southern city of Mariupol, holding large Russian troops before the survivors left this month.

In the first weeks of the war, Russia’s atrocities were suppressed in the north by Kyiv, the capital, and Kharkiv, the second -largest city, was left behind. Moscow abandoned those promises, at the very least, to invest in the Donbas, and the Ukrainians regained some of the lost land.

The failure of those atrocities and protests in Mariupol helped to turn Russian operations into a slower, more volatile path, with less concern for civilians or carnage.

Explaining the ongoing shooting in Sievierodonetsk, President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine said in a video posted online on Sunday night, “They don’t worry about how many lives they will pay for. . “

Matina Stevis-Gridneff reported from Brussels a Richard Pérez-Peña from New York. The report is given by Matthew Mpoke Bigg a Marc Santora from Krakow, Poland, Valerie Hopkins mai Kyiv, Neil MacFarquhar from Istanbul, Cassandra Vinograd a Stanley Reed from Ladan, Kaloka Gall mai Druzhkivka, Ukraine, Aurelien Breeden from Paris, a Monika Pronczuk from Brussels.

Editing:

May 31, 2022

An earlier issue of this article misrepresented the European Union’s earlier actions against Russia for its invasion of Ukraine. The EU does not allow the importation of Russian natural gas, but it is available to every nation, including the United States.

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